Neuro-protection: seeks to protect surviving cells from further damage

Breakdown Glial Scar

Chondroitinase ABC

CSPG* Reduction Peptide

Increase Axonal Growth

3D Printed Neuro Scaffolds

Growth-promoting cells

Growth factors

Gene therapy

Re-Myleination of Axons

Glycoproteins

NOGO A

Oligodendrocytes

Neuro-replacement: seeks to replace damaged nerve cells with new cells

Stem Cells

Neuro Stem Cell Scaffold

Glial Cells (Enteric)

Olfactory Ensheathing Cells

Neuro-plasticity: seeks to retrain parts that remain undamaged

Spinal Neuromodulation

Epidural Electrical Spinal Stimulation

Transcutaneous Electrical Spinal Stimulation

Activity-Based Therapy

FES

PALT

Bio-Mechanics: seeks to bridge the injury or supplement function

BMI- Brain Machine Interface

Robotic Exoskeletons

Denotes basic science research

Denotes results in animals

Denotes results in humans